The government’s coronavirus test and trace system will be up and running tomorrow, Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said.
Anyone in England who has been in close contact with someone who has been infected with COVID-19 will be asked to isolate for 14 days even if they have no symptoms.
Mr Johnson acknowledged that being told to self-isolate was a “huge imposition” but people should be aware of why the programme was needed.
And he warned that if the initial voluntary system was not respected, fines could be introduced for people who fail to comply.
He told MPs on the liaison committee: “We will be asking people to stay at home. If they don’t follow that advice, what we will be saying is we will consider what sanctions may be necessary.”
Mr Johnson suggested he would keep sanctions “on the table” for people who test positive for coronavirus but refuse to disclose their contacts.
However, he said: “This is something that we are relying on people’s public-spiritedness, on their willingness to co-operate and defeat the disease.”
Baroness Dido Harding, who is leading the scheme, said she believed it would play a crucial role in ending restrictions on movement, saying the country would “be exchanging national lockdown for individual isolation”.
Asked whether people would comply with the measures, Baroness Harding said it “requires all of us to do our civic duty” to avoid spreading the virus.
Anyone who tests positive will be asked for details of people they have been in close contact with and places they have visited over the last seven days – either by a contact tracer or by a text or email.
Once they have given those details, either to the contact tracer or online via a website, those contacts will then be alerted by phone, text or email.
Depending on their level of risk, those contacts will be instructed to isolate for up to 14 days – anyone with symptoms should also isolate for seven days while they wait for a test result.
In order to prepare for the launch, the government has hired 25,000 contact tracers to get in touch with people who have the virus. Officials said all of them would be ready to report for duty tomorrow.
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