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Prince Philip married the future Queen Elizabeth II in 1947, while she was still known as Princess Elizabeth. As is customary in the Royal Family, men receive new royal titles when they get married. And prior to Philip’s marriage to Elizabeth, King George VI appointed him Duke of Edinburgh.
King George VI also bestowed a number of other titles on Philip as he became a member of the Royal Family.
Philip was appointed as a Knight of the Garter, and given the additional titles of Baron Greenwich and Earl of Merioneth.
But prior to becoming a member of the British Royal Family, Philip actually had his own royal lineage.
Philip was born in 1921 with the title of Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark.
Philip’s father was Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, the brother of the King of Greece.
His mother was Princess Alice of Battenberg, who was a great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria.
Prince Philip is actually a great-great-grandson of Queen Victoria, and the current Queen Elizabeth II is Queen Victoria’s great-great-granddaughter, making the Queen and Philip second cousins, once removed.
Although Prince Philip was born with his own royal titles, as an infant Philip and his family left Greece to live in exile after Philip’s uncle was removed from the throne, and Philip was carried away from Greece in a fruit crate.
Philip’s parents did not have major roles in his upbringing, and he spent time with different relatives growing up.
After his exile, Philip’s father Andrew spent most of his time in Europe with his mistresses.
Philip’s mother, Princess Alice of Battenberg, had spent much of her life in mental health institutions against her will, as she was diagnosed with schizophrenia in the 1930s.
Alice later dedicated her life to helping others, and she established an order of Greek Orthodox nuns.
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Following a political coup in Greece in 1967, Alice came to live with her son and the Queen in Buckingham Palace, and Alice later died there in 1969, aged 84.
Without his parents to raise him, Philip was taken under the wing of his maternal uncle, Lord Louis Mountbatten, who was affectionately known by the Royal Family as “Uncle Dickie”.
As is usual for a royal, Philip had no surname, and so he took on the name of Mountbatten when he became a British citizen.
Philip attended Gordonstoun, a boarding school in Scotland where he later sent his own sons – Prince Charles, Prince Andrew and Prince Edward.
Philip’s favourite sister, Cecile, was living in Germany at the time, and Philip would often spend his breaks with her.
Cecile was married to a Nazi, and the pair died with their children in a plane crash when Philip was 16.
He met the future Queen Elizabeth II when she was just eight-years-old, at the wedding of Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark and Prince George, Duke of Kent in 1934.
Elizabeth and Philip met again five years later, while Philip was at naval college.
The couple became formally engaged in 1947, when Elizabeth was 21.
But to marry into the British Royal Family, Philip had to renounce all of his other royal titles.
Elizabeth ascended the throne as Queen Elizabeth II in 1952, and her coronation was held in 1953.
But it wasn’t until 1957 that the Queen declared Philip would hold the title of Prince Consort – the title also held by the husband of Queen Victoria, Prince Albert.
Although royals do not need a surname, in tribute to her husband it was later decided their family would bear the surname of Mountbatten-Windsor, rather than Windsor.
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