About 165 people have been injured after the huge wave crashed into beaches around the Sunda Strait at about 9.30pm local time (2.30pm GMT) on Saturday, officials said.
Indonesia’s disaster management agency said the tsunami was possibly caused by underwater landslides after the Krakatoa volcano erupted.
Dozens of buildings and vehicles have been severely damaged, the agency said, while a highway connecting Serang and Pandeglang has been cut off.
Authorities say the tsunami may have been triggered by an abnormal tidal surge due to a new moon and an underwater landslide following the eruption of Anak Krakatoa.
It is one of 127 active volcanoes which run the length of the archipelago.
Indonesia, one of the most disaster-prone nations on earth, straddles the Pacific Ring of Fire, where tectonic plates collide and a large portion of the world’s volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur.
In September, more than 2,000 people were killed by a quake and tsunami that hit the city of Palu on the island of Sulawesi, which is just east of Borneo.
The Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra connects the Java Sea to the Indian Ocean.
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